• Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • Art, Love And Life Collide In Epic Frida Kahlo And Diego Rivera Exhibition

     

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/10/15/frida-kahlo-diego-rivera_n_4097369.html

    Diego Rivera

    2013-10-14-06_rivera_fuentedetoledo.jpg

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks Pin It

    votre commentaire
  • at least 21 million people endure forms of treatment that merit the word 'slavery'.

     

    http://www.theguardian.com/teacher-network/teacher-blog/2013/dec/01/modern-day-slavery-news-teaching-resources

    Child labour

    Children forced to work is just one of the examples of modern-day slavery. Photograph: Shafiqul Alam/Demotix/Corbis

    http://www.globalslaveryindex.org/

     

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks Pin It

    votre commentaire
  •            Double Take 'Toons: Martin Luther King Day

    http://www.npr.org/2014/01/19/263372440/double-take-toons-martin-luther-king-day

    January 19, 2014 5:17 AM

    Tomorrow is the official holiday commemorating the birth (January 15, 1929) of the inspirational civil rights leader. Nate Beeler thanks Dr. King, for bringing our nation closer to living "out the true meaning of its creed," while Jeff Darcy reminds us that economic justice for all was always in the forefront of the reverend's struggles.

    politicalcartoons.com
     
    Nate Beeler
    politicalcartoons.com

     

    http://www.npr.org/blogs/codeswitch/2014/01/18/263512728/when-king-and-johnson-joined-forces-to-fight-the-war-on-poverty

    When King and Johnson Joined Forces To Fight The War On Poverty

    Martin Luther King, Jr. (center), with Roy Wilkins, James Farmer, and Whitney Young, met with President Lyndon B. Johnson in the Oval Office on Jan. 18, 1964.

     

    The Globes Will Be Golden, But Hollywood Remains Mostly White

     

     http://www.npr.org/2014/01/12/261823768/the-globes-will-be-golden-but-hollywood-remains-mostly-white

     

    ELSEWHERE ON THE NET: MLK DAY

    http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/collection/commemorate-life-dr-martin-luther-king-jr

     

    I Have A Dream Lesson Plan : Speech Analysis :

    http://blog.flocabulary.com/i-have-a-dream-speech-analysis-lesson-plan/

     LE CAFE PEDAGOGIQUE / DE NOMBREUX LIENS

    http://www.cafepedagogique.net/lexpresso/Pages/2013/01/18012013Article634940883929979996.aspx

    TIME MAGAZINE ONLINE :

    Harvard historian on Civil Rights

    http://nation.time.com/2014/01/19/we-have-not-come-this-far-alone/

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks Pin It

    votre commentaire
  • Bristol teen Lewis Clarke set to finish South Pole trek

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25780761

    17 January 2014 Last updated at 15:38 GMT

    A teenager from Bristol is on the brink of becoming the youngest person ever to reach the South Pole.

    Lewis Clarke, 16, will have made history after trekking for more than 700 miles through the Antarctic for charity.

     

    Jon Kay reports.

     

    LEWIS CLARKE IS BACK : BBC NEWS    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25871589

     

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • more seriously, a link to teaching resources on Macbeth; many clips (scenes from Macbeth)from their DVD and a booklet with worksheets

    http://thisismacbeth.com/teacher-materials/lesson-plans.shtml

    Reçu aujourd'hui la newsletter de Newstandpoints sur Shakespeare: une mine!

    Notamment un study guide sur Macbeth.

    http://www.newstandpoints.com/450-years-shakespeare/?utm_source=utm_source=EMAIL&utm_medium=lien-NSP_NEWS1&utm_campaign=NEWSLETTER-PROSPECTS_JANV2014

    MACBETH RAP ON FLOCABULARY

     

    SHAKESPEARE ANIMATED TALES BBC

     

     

    MUCH ADO ABOUT NOTHING IN RAP ON FLOCABULARY

     

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • BBC

    WWI soldier diaries published online

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25724461

     

    Poole man learns father was youngest authenticated WW1 combatant

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-dorset-24914335

     

    POETRY OF THE GREAT WAR

    http://members.home.nl/ja.goris/poetrywwl.htm

    ON PBS

    WAR LETTERS : watch the video

    http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/films/warletters/player/

    SITE DE L'ACADEMIE DE ROUEN/

    LE POINT SUR LES SITES DU CENTENAIRE ET AUTRES

    http://anglais.spip.ac-rouen.fr/spip.php?article286#1

     

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • vhe US has undergone many different immigration trends since colonization started, with various ethnic groups rising and falling over time.

    This video looks at where US immigrants have originated from in the past, how the US population has defined itself within government census data and how these patterns could change in the future.

    Produced by David Gordon.      Many thanks to Béatrice Rey (Andorre)

     

    Entraînement CO BAC possible :  On ABC NEWS (2010 Census)

     

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  •  

    Prayer before Birth by Louis Mc Neice

     

    Prayer before Birth

    I am not yet born; O hear me.
    Let not the bloodsucking bat or the rat or the stoat or the
         club-footed ghoul come near me.
    
    I am not yet born, console me.
    I fear that the human race may with tall walls wall me,
         with strong drugs dope me, with wise lies lure me,
            on black racks rack me, in blood-baths roll me.
    
    I am not yet born; provide me
    With water to dandle me, grass to grow for me, trees to talk
         to me, sky to sing to me, birds and a white light
            in the back of my mind to guide me.
    
    I am not yet born; forgive me
    For the sins that in me the world shall commit, my words
         when they speak me, my thoughts when they think me,
            my treason engendered by traitors beyond me,
               my life when they murder by means of my
                  hands, my death when they live me.
    
    I am not yet born; rehearse me
    In the parts I must play and the cues I must take when
         old men lecture me, bureaucrats hector me, mountains
            frown at me, lovers laugh at me, the white
                waves call me to folly and the desert calls
                  me to doom and the beggar refuses
                     my gift and my children curse me.
    
    I am not yet born; O hear me,
    Let not the man who is beast or who thinks he is God
         come near me.
    
    I am not yet born; O fill me
    With strength against those who would freeze my
         humanity, would dragoon me into a lethal automaton,
            would make me a cog in a machine, a thing with
               one face, a thing, and against all those
                  who would dissipate my entirety, would
                     blow me like thistledown hither and
                        thither or hither and thither
                           like water held in the
                              hands would spill me.
    
    Let them not make me a stone and let them not spill me.
    Otherwise kill me.
    
    http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/english_literature/poetry_wjec/relationships/prayerbeforebirth/revision/1/

    http://litxpert.wordpress.com/2011/12/02/analysis-prayer-before-birth-louis-mcneice-2/

    Other links:

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_MacNeice 

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/northernireland/learninggetwritingniwh_macneice.shtml 







    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • BBC NEWS

    Secrets of Ramsgate's wartime underground tunnels

    www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-25403900

     

    Nottinghamshire pupils digging up old air raid shelters

    http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-nottinghamshire-25105047

    26 November 2013 Last updated at 13:41 GMT

    Pupils in Nottinghamshire have been learning more about World War Two by exploring the remains of 12 air raid shelters found at their school.

    The sixth formers at West Bridgford Comprehensive School are busy on the grounds of their school, digging up their past.

    Jo Healey reports.

    Children's evacuation

    Southampton WW2 child evacuees meet to share memories

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-oxfordshire-25089243

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • BBC News: The woman behind the rediscovery of 12 Years a Slave

    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26344745

    BAFTA AWARDS

    http://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2014/02/top-british-film-award-12-years-slave-20142171551173979.html
     

    12 Years a Slave: Who was Solomon Northup?

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-25589598

    Engraving of Northup, Chiwetel Ejiofor as Northup

    Solomon Northup as he appears in the original book and Chiwitel Ejiofor, who has been much-praised in the lead role of the film

    On PBS : http://video.pbs.org/video/2365102334/

     

     A VERY INTERESTING  VIDEO REVIEW OF THE MOVIE HERE (FIRST 7 MINUTES)

    Three reviewers give their opinions. A good exercise in class.

    lien vers le script du film

    THE NEW YORK TIMES:

    http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/18/movies/12-years-a-slave-holds-nothing-back-in-show-of-suffering.html?_r=0

    About the relation between book and film

    http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/06/the-passion-of-solomon-northup/?ref=slavery

    printable version:

     RESOURCES on slavery

    Scholastic:

    http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/bhistory/underground_railroad/plantation.htm

    PBS:

    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/resources/index.html

    Un site plein de "lesson plans" et de travaux d'enseignants, powerpoints, worksheets, etc...

    http://www.blackhistory4schools.com/slavetrade/

    Excellent site interactif de la BBC, parfait pour distribuer des tâches différentes en partant de la même source

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/abolition/launch_anim_slavery.shtml

    The Guardian

    http://www.theguardian.com/education/2012/aug/20/how-to-teach-modern-slavery-resources

    Ressources du New York Times  (for teachers)

    http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/10/22/text-to-text-twelve-years-a-slave-and-an-escape-that-has-long-intrigued-historians/#more-138616

    October 22, 2013, 4:29 pm

    Text to Text | ‘Twelve Years a Slave,’ and ‘An Escape That Has Long Intrigued Historians’

    Benedict Cumberbatch, left, as William Ford, and Chiwetel Ejiofor as Solomon Northup, in the film “12 Years a Slave.” Go to Related Article »Jaap Buitendijk/Fox Searchlight Pictures Benedict Cumberbatch, left, as William Ford, and Chiwetel Ejiofor as Solomon Northup, in the film “12 Years a Slave.” Go to Related Article »
    Lesson Plans - The Learning NetworkLesson Plans - The Learning Network
    American History

    Teaching ideas based on New York Times content.

    Last month we introduced our new Text to Text series, which matches Times content with excerpts from often-taught literary, cultural, historical or scientific material. Read more about the format, and consider submitting an idea.

    This past weekend the film “12 Years a Slave,” based on the 1853 slave narrative of the same name, opened in theaters, and so we chose to pair an excerpt from the original text by Solomon Northup with a recent Times article that discusses Mr. Northup’s narrative in the context of the antislavery literary genre.

     


    Background: Solomon Northup was a free black man living in Saratoga Springs, N.Y. in 1841, when he was coaxed by “two gentlemen of respectable appearance” to travel to Washington, D.C. for employment. While there, he was beaten and sold into slavery, with his captors claiming he was a fugitive slave. He spent twelve years in bondage with three different masters in Louisiana before he was finally rescued — a feat which involved secretly smuggling a letter to his family and enlisting the help of the New York governor.

    In her film review, Manohla Dargis writes about what makes Mr. Northup’s book, which he published in 1853 after regaining his freedom, such a remarkable historical document:

    Unlike most of the enslaved people whose fate he shared for a dozen years, the real Northup was born into freedom…. That made him an exceptional historical witness, because even while he was inside slavery — physically, psychologically, emotionally — part of him remained intellectually and culturally at a remove, which gives his book a powerful double perspective.

    We selected an excerpt from Chapter III, so students can plunge into the heart of the action with Mr. Northup’s first experience of being a slave.

    Key Question: What does Solomon Northup’s narrative, as part of a larger genre of antislavery literature, reveal about the institution of slavery?

    Activity Sheets: As students read and discuss, they might take notes using these graphic organizers (PDFs) we have created for our Text to Text feature:


    Illustration from Twelve Years a Slave (1855)  Illustration from Twelve Years a Slave (1855)

    Excerpt 1: From Chapter III of “Twelve Years a Slave: Narrative of Solomon Northup, a Citizen of New-York, Kidnapped in Washington City in 1841 and Rescued in 1853, From a Cotton Plantation Near the Red River in Louisiana” by Solomon Northup

    “Well, my boy, how do you feel now?” said Burch, as he entered through the open door. I replied that I was sick, and inquired the cause of my imprisonment. He answered that I was his slave — that he had bought me, and that he was about to send me to New-Orleans. I asserted, aloud and boldly, that I was a freeman — a resident of Saratoga, where I had a wife and children, who were also free, and that my name was Northup. I complained bitterly of the strange treatment I had received, and threatened, upon my liberation, to have satisfaction for the wrong. He denied that I was free, and with an emphatic oath, declared that I came from Georgia. Again and again I asserted I was no man’s slave, and insisted upon his taking off my chains at once. He endeavored to hush me, as if he feared my voice would be overheard. But I would not be silent, and denounced the authors of my imprisonment, whoever they might be, as unmitigated villains. Finding he could not quiet me, he flew into a towering passion. With blasphemous oaths, he called me a black liar, a runaway from Georgia, and every other profane and vulgar epithet that the most indecent fancy could conceive.

    During this time Radburn was standing silently by. His business was, to oversee this human, or rather inhuman stable, receiving slaves, feeding, and whipping them, at the rate of two shillings a head per day. Turning to him, Burch ordered the paddle and cat-o’-ninetails to be brought in. He disappeared, and in a few moments returned with these instruments of torture. The paddle, as it is termed in slave-beating parlance, or at least the one with which I first became acquainted, and of which I now speak, was a piece of hardwood board, eighteen or twenty inches long, molded to the shape of an old-fashioned pudding stick, or ordinary oar The flattened portion, which was about the size in circumference of two open hands, was bored with a small auger in numerous places. The cat was a large rope of many strands — the strands unraveled, and a knot tied at the extremity of each.

    As soon as these formidable whips appeared, I was seized by both of them, and roughly divested of my clothing. My feet, as has been stated, were fastened to the floor. Drawing me over the bench, face downward, Radburn placed his heavy foot upon the fetters, between my wrists, holding them painfully to the floor. With the paddle, Burch commenced beating me. Blow after blow was inflicted upon my naked body. When his unrelenting arm grew tired, he stopped and asked if I still insisted I was a free man. I did insist upon it, and then the blows were renewed, faster and more energetically, if possible, than before. When again tired, he would repeat the same question, and receiving the same answer, continue his cruel labor. All this time, the incarnate devil was uttering most fiendish oaths. At length the paddle broke, leaving the useless handle in his hand. Still I would not yield. All his brutal blows could not force from my lips the foul lie that I was a slave. Casting madly on the floor the handle of the broken paddle, he seized the rope. This was far more painful than the other. I struggled with all my power, but it was in vain. I prayed for mercy, but my prayer was only answered with imprecations and with stripes. I thought I must die beneath the lashes of the accursed brute. Even now the flesh crawls upon my bones, as I recall the scene. I was all on fire. My sufferings I can compare to nothing else than the burning agonies of hell!

    At last I became silent to his repeated questions. I would make no reply. In fact, I was becoming almost unable to speak. Still he plied the lash without stint upon my poor body, until it seemed that the lacerated flesh was stripped from my bones at every stroke. A man with a particle of mercy in his soul would not have beaten even a dog so cruelly. At length Radburn said that it was useless to whip me any more — that I would be sore enough. Thereupon Burch desisted, saying, with an admonitory shake of his fist in my face, and hissing the words through his firm-set teeth, that if ever I dared to utter again that I was entitled to my freedom, that I had been kidnapped, or any thing whatever of the kind, the castigation I had just received was nothing in comparison with what would follow. He swore that he would either conquer or kill me. With these consolatory words, the fetters were taken from my wrists, my feet still remaining fastened to the ring; the shutter of the little barred window, which had been opened, was again closed, and going out, locking the great door behind them, I was left in darkness as before.

    Students can read the entire book on the Documenting the American South Web site at the University of North Carolina.


    Excerpt 2: From “An Escape From Slavery, Now a Movie, Has Long Intrigued Historians,” by Michael Cieply

    The real Solomon Northup — and years of scholarly research attest to his reality — fought an unsuccessful legal battle against his abductors. But he enjoyed a lasting triumph that began with the sale of some 30,000 copies of his book when it first appeared, and continued with its republication in 1968 by the historians Sue Eakin and Joseph Logsdon….

    For decades, however, scholars have been trying to untangle the literal truth of Mr. Northup’s account from the conventions of the antislavery literary genre.

    The difficulties are detailed in “The Slave’s Narrative,” a compilation of essays that was published by the Oxford University Press in 1985, and edited by Charles T. Davis and Henry Louis Gates Jr. (Mr. Gates is now credited as a consultant to the film, and he edited a recent edition of “Twelve Years a Slave.”)

    “When the abolitionists invited an ex-slave to tell his story of experience in slavery to an antislavery convention, and when they subsequently sponsored the appearance of that story in print, they had certain clear expectations, well understood by themselves and well understood by the ex-slave, too,” wrote one scholar, James Olney.

    Mr. Olney was explaining pressures that created a certain uniformity of content in the popular slave narratives, with recurring themes that involved insistence on sometimes questioned personal identity, harrowing descriptions of oppression, and open advocacy for the abolitionist cause.

    In his essay, called “I Was Born: Slave Narratives, Their Status as Autobiography and as Literature,” Mr. Olney contended that Solomon Northup’s real voice was usurped by David Wilson, the white “amanuensis” to whom he dictated his tale, and who gave the book a preface in the same florid style that informs the memoir.

    “We may think it pretty fine writing and awfully literary, but the fine writer is clearly David Wilson rather than Solomon Northup,” Mr. Olney wrote.

    In another essay from the 1985 collection, titled “I Rose and Found My Voice: Narration, Authentication, and Authorial Control in Four Slave Narratives,” Robert Burns Stepto, a professor at Yale, detected textual evidence — assurances, disclaimers and such — that Solomon Northup expected some to doubt his story.

    “Clearly, Northup felt that the authenticity of his tale would not be taken for granted, and that, on a certain peculiar but familiar level enforced by rituals along the color line, his narrative would be viewed as a fiction competing with other fictions,” wrote Mr. Stepto.


    For Writing or Discussion

    1. What does the excerpt from “Twelve Years a Slave” reveal about the institution of slavery? Cite evidence from the text to support your ideas.
    2. How does Mr. Northup’s perspective as a free man who was kidnapped and sold into slavery make him an “exceptional historical witness,” in the words of Manohla Dargis, a Times film critic? Use evidence from the excerpt to back up your answer.
    3. What questions does The Times article (Text 2) raise about the entire genre of antislavery literature, and about “Twelve Years a Slave” in particular? What answers does the article suggest? Be sure to support your answer with textual evidence.
    4. How can all “true” stories get twisted by time, literary embellishment or the flaws of memory? How do we know when, and how much, to trust a historical source?

     

    Going Further

    1. The director Steve McQueen provides commentary on a clip from his film “12 Years a Slave” in “The Anatomy of a Scene.” Have students watch the clip, then discuss the following questions:

    • What happens in this scene?
    • What does this short scene show about the relationship between slave and slave master?
    • Why does Mr. McQueen choose to portray the scene in this way?

    2. Watch the full movie “12 Years a Slave,” then read Manohla Dargis’s film review. Ask students to identify three or more assertions that Ms. Dargis makes about the film, and decide whether they agree with her points or not. For example, Ms. Dargis takes the following position:

    In large part, “12 Years a Slave” is an argument about American slavery that, in image after image, both reveals it as a system (signified in one scene by the sights and ominous, mechanical sounds of a boat water wheel) and demolishes its canards, myths and cherished symbols. There are no lovable masters here or cheerful slaves. There are also no messages, wagging fingers or final-act summations or sermons. Mr. McQueen’s method is more effective and subversive because of its primarily old-fashioned, Hollywood-style engagement.

    Do students agree with Ms. Dargis? What evidence can they find in the film to support their opinion? Then, students can write their own film review — based on three or more of their assertions that they make about the film.

    3. Alternatively, if students both read the book and watch the film, they can write an analytical essay comparing the two. In their analysis they can consider:

    • How well does the movie stay true to the most important events in the book?
    • Does the movie play with time or facts?
    • Does it matter whether the filmmakers took liberties if they managed to convey larger truths and start new conversations? Explain.

    4. Students can read two or more slave narratives to look for commonalities and differences. A free library of texts is available in the “Slave Narrative Project”. As part of their analysis, they should read the project’s introduction — particularly the sections titled “Literary Contexts for Slave and Ex-Slave Narratives” and “Importance of This Project to the Nation”. Here is an excerpt:

    Slave and ex-slave narratives are important not only for what they tell us about African-American history and literature, but also because they reveal to us the complexities of the dialogue between whites and blacks in this country in the last two centuries, particularly for African Americans.

    Then, using the slave narratives that they read, students can discuss what these narratives reveal about the institution of slavery, how they reflect the conventions of the antislavery literary genre, and what they show about the dialogue between blacks and whites regarding slavery during antebellum America.

    5. Read this Jan. 20, 1853, Times article detailing the kidnapping and rescue of Solomon Northup (misspelled “Northrop” in the article). What does this newspaper story add to our understanding of Mr. Northup’s case?

    6. Manohla Dargis opens her film review with the following statement:

    “12 Years a Slave” isn’t the first movie about slavery in the United States — but it may be the one that finally makes it impossible for American cinema to continue to sell the ugly lies it’s been hawking for more than a century.

    Ask students:

    • What movies have you seen about slavery? For example, have you ever watched “Gone With the Wind”? What “lies” is Ms. Dargis referring to?
    • Why are films about history important? What responsibility, if any, do they have?

    To continue the discussion, students can read the article “Never-Ending Story: ‘Conversation About Race’ Has Not Brought Cultural Consensus” by A.O. Scott. Then they can reflect on the movies and televisions shows they have watched, and consider: What history are they telling about race in America? How are these films and shows contributing to the continuing dialogue?


    More Resources:

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks Pin It

    votre commentaire
  • BBC News: The woman behind the rediscovery of 12 Years a Slave

    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26344745

    BAFTA AWARDS

    http://www.aljazeera.com/news/europe/2014/02/top-british-film-award-12-years-slave-20142171551173979.html
     

    12 Years a Slave: Who was Solomon Northup?

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-25589598

    Engraving of Northup, Chiwetel Ejiofor as Northup

    Solomon Northup as he appears in the original book and Chiwitel Ejiofor, who has been much-praised in the lead role of the film

    On PBS : http://video.pbs.org/video/2365102334/

     

     A VERY INTERESTING  VIDEO REVIEW OF THE MOVIE HERE (FIRST 7 MINUTES)

    Three reviewers give their opinions. A good exercise in class.

    lien vers le script du film

    THE NEW YORK TIMES:

    http://www.nytimes.com/2013/10/18/movies/12-years-a-slave-holds-nothing-back-in-show-of-suffering.html?_r=0

    About the relation between book and film

    http://opinionator.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/11/06/the-passion-of-solomon-northup/?ref=slavery

    printable version:

     RESOURCES on slavery

    Scholastic:

    http://teacher.scholastic.com/activities/bhistory/underground_railroad/plantation.htm

    PBS:

    http://www.pbs.org/wnet/slavery/resources/index.html

    Un site plein de "lesson plans" et de travaux d'enseignants, powerpoints, worksheets, etc...

    http://www.blackhistory4schools.com/slavetrade/

    Excellent site interactif de la BBC, parfait pour distribuer des tâches différentes en partant de la même source

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/british/abolition/launch_anim_slavery.shtml

    The Guardian

    http://www.theguardian.com/education/2012/aug/20/how-to-teach-modern-slavery-resources

    Ressources du New York Times  (for teachers)

    http://learning.blogs.nytimes.com/2013/10/22/text-to-text-twelve-years-a-slave-and-an-escape-that-has-long-intrigued-historians/#more-138616

    October 22, 2013, 4:29 pm

    Text to Text | ‘Twelve Years a Slave,’ and ‘An Escape That Has Long Intrigued Historians’

    Benedict Cumberbatch, left, as William Ford, and Chiwetel Ejiofor as Solomon Northup, in the film “12 Years a Slave.” Go to Related Article »Jaap Buitendijk/Fox Searchlight Pictures Benedict Cumberbatch, left, as William Ford, and Chiwetel Ejiofor as Solomon Northup, in the film “12 Years a Slave.” Go to Related Article »
    Lesson Plans - The Learning NetworkLesson Plans - The Learning Network
    American History

    Teaching ideas based on New York Times content.

    Last month we introduced our new Text to Text series, which matches Times content with excerpts from often-taught literary, cultural, historical or scientific material. Read more about the format, and consider submitting an idea.

    This past weekend the film “12 Years a Slave,” based on the 1853 slave narrative of the same name, opened in theaters, and so we chose to pair an excerpt from the original text by Solomon Northup with a recent Times article that discusses Mr. Northup’s narrative in the context of the antislavery literary genre.

     


    Background: Solomon Northup was a free black man living in Saratoga Springs, N.Y. in 1841, when he was coaxed by “two gentlemen of respectable appearance” to travel to Washington, D.C. for employment. While there, he was beaten and sold into slavery, with his captors claiming he was a fugitive slave. He spent twelve years in bondage with three different masters in Louisiana before he was finally rescued — a feat which involved secretly smuggling a letter to his family and enlisting the help of the New York governor.

    In her film review, Manohla Dargis writes about what makes Mr. Northup’s book, which he published in 1853 after regaining his freedom, such a remarkable historical document:

    Unlike most of the enslaved people whose fate he shared for a dozen years, the real Northup was born into freedom…. That made him an exceptional historical witness, because even while he was inside slavery — physically, psychologically, emotionally — part of him remained intellectually and culturally at a remove, which gives his book a powerful double perspective.

    We selected an excerpt from Chapter III, so students can plunge into the heart of the action with Mr. Northup’s first experience of being a slave.

    Key Question: What does Solomon Northup’s narrative, as part of a larger genre of antislavery literature, reveal about the institution of slavery?

    Activity Sheets: As students read and discuss, they might take notes using these graphic organizers (PDFs) we have created for our Text to Text feature:


    Illustration from Twelve Years a Slave (1855)  Illustration from Twelve Years a Slave (1855)

    Excerpt 1: From Chapter III of “Twelve Years a Slave: Narrative of Solomon Northup, a Citizen of New-York, Kidnapped in Washington City in 1841 and Rescued in 1853, From a Cotton Plantation Near the Red River in Louisiana” by Solomon Northup

    “Well, my boy, how do you feel now?” said Burch, as he entered through the open door. I replied that I was sick, and inquired the cause of my imprisonment. He answered that I was his slave — that he had bought me, and that he was about to send me to New-Orleans. I asserted, aloud and boldly, that I was a freeman — a resident of Saratoga, where I had a wife and children, who were also free, and that my name was Northup. I complained bitterly of the strange treatment I had received, and threatened, upon my liberation, to have satisfaction for the wrong. He denied that I was free, and with an emphatic oath, declared that I came from Georgia. Again and again I asserted I was no man’s slave, and insisted upon his taking off my chains at once. He endeavored to hush me, as if he feared my voice would be overheard. But I would not be silent, and denounced the authors of my imprisonment, whoever they might be, as unmitigated villains. Finding he could not quiet me, he flew into a towering passion. With blasphemous oaths, he called me a black liar, a runaway from Georgia, and every other profane and vulgar epithet that the most indecent fancy could conceive.

    During this time Radburn was standing silently by. His business was, to oversee this human, or rather inhuman stable, receiving slaves, feeding, and whipping them, at the rate of two shillings a head per day. Turning to him, Burch ordered the paddle and cat-o’-ninetails to be brought in. He disappeared, and in a few moments returned with these instruments of torture. The paddle, as it is termed in slave-beating parlance, or at least the one with which I first became acquainted, and of which I now speak, was a piece of hardwood board, eighteen or twenty inches long, molded to the shape of an old-fashioned pudding stick, or ordinary oar The flattened portion, which was about the size in circumference of two open hands, was bored with a small auger in numerous places. The cat was a large rope of many strands — the strands unraveled, and a knot tied at the extremity of each.

    As soon as these formidable whips appeared, I was seized by both of them, and roughly divested of my clothing. My feet, as has been stated, were fastened to the floor. Drawing me over the bench, face downward, Radburn placed his heavy foot upon the fetters, between my wrists, holding them painfully to the floor. With the paddle, Burch commenced beating me. Blow after blow was inflicted upon my naked body. When his unrelenting arm grew tired, he stopped and asked if I still insisted I was a free man. I did insist upon it, and then the blows were renewed, faster and more energetically, if possible, than before. When again tired, he would repeat the same question, and receiving the same answer, continue his cruel labor. All this time, the incarnate devil was uttering most fiendish oaths. At length the paddle broke, leaving the useless handle in his hand. Still I would not yield. All his brutal blows could not force from my lips the foul lie that I was a slave. Casting madly on the floor the handle of the broken paddle, he seized the rope. This was far more painful than the other. I struggled with all my power, but it was in vain. I prayed for mercy, but my prayer was only answered with imprecations and with stripes. I thought I must die beneath the lashes of the accursed brute. Even now the flesh crawls upon my bones, as I recall the scene. I was all on fire. My sufferings I can compare to nothing else than the burning agonies of hell!

    At last I became silent to his repeated questions. I would make no reply. In fact, I was becoming almost unable to speak. Still he plied the lash without stint upon my poor body, until it seemed that the lacerated flesh was stripped from my bones at every stroke. A man with a particle of mercy in his soul would not have beaten even a dog so cruelly. At length Radburn said that it was useless to whip me any more — that I would be sore enough. Thereupon Burch desisted, saying, with an admonitory shake of his fist in my face, and hissing the words through his firm-set teeth, that if ever I dared to utter again that I was entitled to my freedom, that I had been kidnapped, or any thing whatever of the kind, the castigation I had just received was nothing in comparison with what would follow. He swore that he would either conquer or kill me. With these consolatory words, the fetters were taken from my wrists, my feet still remaining fastened to the ring; the shutter of the little barred window, which had been opened, was again closed, and going out, locking the great door behind them, I was left in darkness as before.

    Students can read the entire book on the Documenting the American South Web site at the University of North Carolina.


    Excerpt 2: From “An Escape From Slavery, Now a Movie, Has Long Intrigued Historians,” by Michael Cieply

    The real Solomon Northup — and years of scholarly research attest to his reality — fought an unsuccessful legal battle against his abductors. But he enjoyed a lasting triumph that began with the sale of some 30,000 copies of his book when it first appeared, and continued with its republication in 1968 by the historians Sue Eakin and Joseph Logsdon….

    For decades, however, scholars have been trying to untangle the literal truth of Mr. Northup’s account from the conventions of the antislavery literary genre.

    The difficulties are detailed in “The Slave’s Narrative,” a compilation of essays that was published by the Oxford University Press in 1985, and edited by Charles T. Davis and Henry Louis Gates Jr. (Mr. Gates is now credited as a consultant to the film, and he edited a recent edition of “Twelve Years a Slave.”)

    “When the abolitionists invited an ex-slave to tell his story of experience in slavery to an antislavery convention, and when they subsequently sponsored the appearance of that story in print, they had certain clear expectations, well understood by themselves and well understood by the ex-slave, too,” wrote one scholar, James Olney.

    Mr. Olney was explaining pressures that created a certain uniformity of content in the popular slave narratives, with recurring themes that involved insistence on sometimes questioned personal identity, harrowing descriptions of oppression, and open advocacy for the abolitionist cause.

    In his essay, called “I Was Born: Slave Narratives, Their Status as Autobiography and as Literature,” Mr. Olney contended that Solomon Northup’s real voice was usurped by David Wilson, the white “amanuensis” to whom he dictated his tale, and who gave the book a preface in the same florid style that informs the memoir.

    “We may think it pretty fine writing and awfully literary, but the fine writer is clearly David Wilson rather than Solomon Northup,” Mr. Olney wrote.

    In another essay from the 1985 collection, titled “I Rose and Found My Voice: Narration, Authentication, and Authorial Control in Four Slave Narratives,” Robert Burns Stepto, a professor at Yale, detected textual evidence — assurances, disclaimers and such — that Solomon Northup expected some to doubt his story.

    “Clearly, Northup felt that the authenticity of his tale would not be taken for granted, and that, on a certain peculiar but familiar level enforced by rituals along the color line, his narrative would be viewed as a fiction competing with other fictions,” wrote Mr. Stepto.


    For Writing or Discussion

    1. What does the excerpt from “Twelve Years a Slave” reveal about the institution of slavery? Cite evidence from the text to support your ideas.
    2. How does Mr. Northup’s perspective as a free man who was kidnapped and sold into slavery make him an “exceptional historical witness,” in the words of Manohla Dargis, a Times film critic? Use evidence from the excerpt to back up your answer.
    3. What questions does The Times article (Text 2) raise about the entire genre of antislavery literature, and about “Twelve Years a Slave” in particular? What answers does the article suggest? Be sure to support your answer with textual evidence.
    4. How can all “true” stories get twisted by time, literary embellishment or the flaws of memory? How do we know when, and how much, to trust a historical source?

     

    Going Further

    1. The director Steve McQueen provides commentary on a clip from his film “12 Years a Slave” in “The Anatomy of a Scene.” Have students watch the clip, then discuss the following questions:

    • What happens in this scene?
    • What does this short scene show about the relationship between slave and slave master?
    • Why does Mr. McQueen choose to portray the scene in this way?

    2. Watch the full movie “12 Years a Slave,” then read Manohla Dargis’s film review. Ask students to identify three or more assertions that Ms. Dargis makes about the film, and decide whether they agree with her points or not. For example, Ms. Dargis takes the following position:

    In large part, “12 Years a Slave” is an argument about American slavery that, in image after image, both reveals it as a system (signified in one scene by the sights and ominous, mechanical sounds of a boat water wheel) and demolishes its canards, myths and cherished symbols. There are no lovable masters here or cheerful slaves. There are also no messages, wagging fingers or final-act summations or sermons. Mr. McQueen’s method is more effective and subversive because of its primarily old-fashioned, Hollywood-style engagement.

    Do students agree with Ms. Dargis? What evidence can they find in the film to support their opinion? Then, students can write their own film review — based on three or more of their assertions that they make about the film.

    3. Alternatively, if students both read the book and watch the film, they can write an analytical essay comparing the two. In their analysis they can consider:

    • How well does the movie stay true to the most important events in the book?
    • Does the movie play with time or facts?
    • Does it matter whether the filmmakers took liberties if they managed to convey larger truths and start new conversations? Explain.

    4. Students can read two or more slave narratives to look for commonalities and differences. A free library of texts is available in the “Slave Narrative Project”. As part of their analysis, they should read the project’s introduction — particularly the sections titled “Literary Contexts for Slave and Ex-Slave Narratives” and “Importance of This Project to the Nation”. Here is an excerpt:

    Slave and ex-slave narratives are important not only for what they tell us about African-American history and literature, but also because they reveal to us the complexities of the dialogue between whites and blacks in this country in the last two centuries, particularly for African Americans.

    Then, using the slave narratives that they read, students can discuss what these narratives reveal about the institution of slavery, how they reflect the conventions of the antislavery literary genre, and what they show about the dialogue between blacks and whites regarding slavery during antebellum America.

    5. Read this Jan. 20, 1853, Times article detailing the kidnapping and rescue of Solomon Northup (misspelled “Northrop” in the article). What does this newspaper story add to our understanding of Mr. Northup’s case?

    6. Manohla Dargis opens her film review with the following statement:

    “12 Years a Slave” isn’t the first movie about slavery in the United States — but it may be the one that finally makes it impossible for American cinema to continue to sell the ugly lies it’s been hawking for more than a century.

    Ask students:

    • What movies have you seen about slavery? For example, have you ever watched “Gone With the Wind”? What “lies” is Ms. Dargis referring to?
    • Why are films about history important? What responsibility, if any, do they have?

    To continue the discussion, students can read the article “Never-Ending Story: ‘Conversation About Race’ Has Not Brought Cultural Consensus” by A.O. Scott. Then they can reflect on the movies and televisions shows they have watched, and consider: What history are they telling about race in America? How are these films and shows contributing to the continuing dialogue?


    More Resources:

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks Pin It

    votre commentaire
  • Labour plan for teacher licences to 'update skills'

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-politics-25686208

    Several of the videos from the BBC here :

    http://www.youtube.com/results?search_query=Labour+plan+for+teacher+licences+to+%27update+skills%27&sm=12

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • une oeuvre célèbre:

    Art-Institute-of-Chicago-American-Gothic

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • Progress / Hero

    Codebreaker Alan Turing granted posthumous royal pardon

    24 December 2013 Last updated at 07:13 GMT

    Computer pioneer and codebreaker Alan Turing has been given a posthumous royal pardon.

    It overturns his 1952 conviction for homosexuality for which he was punished by being chemically castrated.

    Danny Shaw reports.

     

     

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-25502083

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • Entraînement à la CO du bac : 1'31

     


     

    Childline has reported a huge rise in the number of children calling them with worries about online bullying.

    Its annual report also suggests more young people getting in touch about racist bullying, self-harm and suicide.

    Michael Buchanan reports.

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-25648768

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • audio (1'44)

    http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-25401260

    Another video here :

     

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • The New York Times on January 6th:

    Does the US need another war on poverty ?

    In his State of the Union address on Jan. 8, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson introduced his “war on poverty,” when the national poverty rate was 19 percent. His project created Medicare, Medicaid, a permanent food stamp program, Head Start, Volunteers in Service to America and the Job Corps.

    Fifty years later, much has changed, but much remains the same — the national poverty rate still hovers around 15 percent. Does America need another war on poverty?

     

    http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/01/05/does-the-us-need-another-war-on-poverty

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-25572193

    Bill De Blasio sworn in as Mayor of New York City

    1 January 2014 Last updated at 21:10 GMT

    The first Democratic mayor of New York City in more than 20 years has taken his oath of office at City Hall where he pledged to pursue a liberal agenda.

    Bill de Blasio, who succeeds billionaire Michael Bloomberg, was inaugurated at a ceremony presided over by former US President Bill Clinton.

     

    Thanks to Michelle Henry

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • Entraînement CO bac.

    Will there ever be a female American President?

     

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire
  • The power of money:

    http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-25469075 

     

    This land was made for mostly me: Bruce McCall's take on the 1%

    2 January 2014 Last updated at 00:45 GMT

    If you had all the money in the world, what would you do with it?

    Artist and author Bruce McCall take this question to the extreme in his book "This Land was Made for You and Me (But Mostly Me)".

    Along with talk-show host David Letterman, McCall painted a world where a billionaire could cut down the Redwood forest to create a private tunnel or move the top of Mt Everest to a New York penthouse to use as a party venue.

    He told the BBC the jumping-off point for the book was how some in the 1% use money today to build "monuments to their own egos".

    Produced by Ashley Semler and Peter Murtaugh

    Picture This is a series of video features published every Thursday on the BBC News website which illustrate interviews with authors about their new books.

     

    Money, money, money by ABBA

    (I couldn't do otherwise)

     

    Which leads us  to an excellent documentary, part of a series  of eight called "Why Poverty?", produced by European channels.

    Park Avenue: money, power and the American dream - Why Poverty?

     

    How much inequality is too much? To find out more and get teaching resources linked to the film, go to www.whypoverty.net

    740 Park Ave, New York City, is home to some of the wealthiest Americans. Across the Harlem River, 10 minutes to the north, is the other Park Avenue in South Bronx, where more than half the population needs food stamps and children are 20 times more likely to be killed. In the last 30 years, inequality has rocketed in the US -- the American Dream only applies to those with money to lobby politicians for friendly bills on Capitol Hill.

    Director Alex Gibney
    Producer Blair Foster
    Produced by Jigsaw Productions & Steps International

    Why Poverty? http://www.whypoverty.net/en/video/29/

     Give us the money : Bob  Geldof and Bono
    Documentary which looks at 30 years of Bob Geldof and Bono's campaign against poverty.

    AN ANIMATED HISTORY OF POVERTY

    Poor people through the ages, beginning in Neolithic times and up to the present.

     

    The New York Times, January 5th 2014

    Does the US need another war on poverty ?

    In his State of the Union address on Jan. 8, 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson introduced his “war on poverty,” when the national poverty rate was 19 percent. His project created Medicare, Medicaid, a permanent food stamp program, Head Start, Volunteers in Service to America and the Job Corps.

    Fifty years later, much has changed, but much remains the same — the national poverty rate still hovers around 15 percent. Does America need another war on poverty?

     

    http://www.nytimes.com/roomfordebate/2014/01/05/does-the-us-need-another-war-on-poverty

    The Atlantic

    How Poverty Undermines American Democracy

    50 years after Lyndon Johnson launched the War on Poverty, tens of millions of second-class Americans are still legally or effectively disenfranchised.

    http://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2014/01/how-poverty-undermines-american-democracy/282809/

    Partager via Gmail Yahoo! Google Bookmarks

    votre commentaire



    Suivre le flux RSS des articles
    Suivre le flux RSS des commentaires